If we talk about svchost.exe, you may wonder about it because you often see it in the Task Manager on your PC. And now, you may wonder what is svchost.exe Service Host Cryptographic Services? Here, we will inform you about it, so you have to make sure that you do not skip any part of this article.
What is Cryptographic Services?
It provides some management services including:
- Catalog Database Service. It confirms the signatures of Windows files and permits new programs to be installed.
- Protected Root Service. It adds and removes Trusted Root Certification Authority certificates from your PC.
- Automatic Root Certificate Update Service. It retrieves root certificates from Windows Update and enables scenarios such as SSL.
- Key Service. It helps enroll this computer for certificates.
If the service is stopped, these management services will not be able to work properly. If you disable this service, any services that depend on it will fail to start. Besides in Windows 10, this service is also available in Windows 7, 8, Vista and XP.
The Cryptographic Services is running as NT Authority\NetworkService. It is in a shared process of svchost.exe. In the same process, other services may run as well. In case Cryptographic Services fails to begin, there will be an error which is logged. If the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service is stopped or disabled, Cryptographic Services will not be able to start. The Application Identity service will fail to start and initialize if the Cryptographic Services is stopped.
How to Restore Default Startup Type For Cryptographic Services
There are some steps that you are able to do to restore default startup type for Cryptographic Services.
- The first thing that you have to do is to choose your Windows 10 edition and release. After that, you have to click on the Download button in the Batcmd site in the article about Cryptographic Services – Windows 10 Service.
- After that, you have to save the RestoreCryptographicServicesWindows10.bat file to any folder on your hard drive.
- Then, you have to right click the downloaded batch file and choose Run As Administrator.
- In this step, you have to restart your PC to save the changes.
It is important for you to know that you have to make sure that the cryptsvc.dll file exists in the %WinDir%\system32 folder. If you are not able to find it, you are able to try to restore it from your Windows 10 installation media.
What is the svchost.exe or the Service Host Process?
Svchost.exe or Service Host Process is a generic host process name for services which run from dynamic-link libraries. What is a dynamic link library? It is also called .dll and it is a big block of programming code. A lot of neat tricks which developers can do with these files to be able to make things run faster so that it can take up less space. However, a .dll file is not able to run standalone because you need a .exe or executable file to be able to load the .dll and its code.
Microsoft began to change a lot of the Windows functionality from relying on internal Windows services to using DLL files. It can make a code to be more reusable and easier to keep up to date. However, you need to know that you are not able to launch a DLL file directly from Windows similar to the way you can an executable file. A shell which is loaded from an executable file is utilized to be able to host these DLL services. So, that’s why svchost.exe or the Service Host process was created.
If you try to check at the Services section in the Control Panel, you will be able to see that Windows requires a lot of services. In case every service ran under a one Service Host process, a failure in one service will be able to bring down all of Windows.
Services which are organized into logical groups which are somewhat related and then a Service Host instance is made to host each group. For instance, one Service Host process runs the three services connected to the firewall. Another service host process may run all the services connected to the user interface and so on.
If you want to know what services are being hosted by a certain instance of Service Host, there are some ways that you are able to do. You are able to check it in the Task Manager or using a third party app, Process Explorer.
If you are a user of Windows 8 or 10, processes will be shown on the Processes tab of Task Manager by their full names. In case a process serves as a host for a lot of services, you are able to see the services by expanding the process. It will make you easier to identify which services belong to each instance of the Service Host process. You are able to right click any individual service if you want to stop the service. You can view it in the Services of Control Panel app or even you can search online for information about the service.
However, if you are a user of Windows 7, it will be a little bit different. The Task Manager of Windows 7 did not group processes the similar way nor did it show regular process names. It only displayed all the instances of svchost.exe running. To be able to determine the services related to any particular instance of svchost.exe, you needed to explore a bit. On the tab of Processes of Task Manager in Windows 7, you are able to right click on a certain svchost.exe process and then you have to select the Go To Service option. It will flip you over to the tab of Services where the services running under that svchost.exe process are all chosen. The full name of each service can be seen in the Description column. So, you are able to select to disable the service if you do not want it to run or you are able to troubleshoot why it gives you an issue.