What enzymes that break down proteins? You may open this page to find out that information. If so, you have to read this entire article to find out that information as here we are going to talk about that. Please keep on reading.
You have to know that Digestive enzymes are substances which is secreted by the salivary glands and cells lining the pancreas, stomach, and small intestine to help in the digestion of food. They perform this by splitting the large, complex molecules which make up proteins, carbohydrates, and also fats into smaller ones, letting the nutrients from those foods to be absorbed easily into the bloodstream and carried throughout the body.
Digestive enzymes are released in anticipation of eating, once you first smell and taste food, as well as throughout the digestive process. Several foods have occurring digestive enzymes naturally which contribute to the breakdown of certain specific nutrients. There are deficiencies in digestive enzymes: It associated with a variety of health conditions, primarily those that affect the pancreas as it secretes some key enzymes.
Usually, those deficiencies are able to be solved with dietary changes, such as restricting certain foods or increasing those with naturally occurring digestive enzymes. Or also by taking prescription or OTC enzyme supplements.
Types of Digestive Enzymes
Apparently, there are some types of Digestive enzymes. Here are the most significant Digestive enzymes:
Amylase is very important for the digestion of carbohydrates. It can break down starches into sugars. Also, it is secreted by salivary glands and Pancreas. The measurement of amylase in the blood is used as a help in diagnosing different pancreas or other digestive tract diseases.
You have to know that Maltase is secreted by small intestine. It is responsible for breaking down maltose into simple sugar (Glucose) which the body uses for energy. During digestion, the starch is transformed into maltose by amylases. After that, it converts maltose into glucose which is used by body or stored in liver as glycogen for future use.
Lactase is a kind of enzyme which breaks down lactose. A sugar discovered in dairy products, into the simple sugars glucose and galactose. It is produced by cells called as enterocytes which line the intestinal tract. Lactose which is not absorbed experience fermentation by bacteria and then can result in gas and intestinal upset.
In fact, Lipase is responsible to break down fats into fatty acids and simple sugar alcohol (glycerol). It is produced in small amounts by your mouth and stomach. In larger amounts by your pancreas.
Proteases is also called peptidases, proteolytic enzymes, or proteinases. Those digestive enzymes break down proteins into amino acids. They play a role in innumerable body processes, including blood clotting, cell division, and immune function. Proteases are produced in the stomach and pancreas. The main ones are Pepsin which is secreted by the stomach to break down proteins into peptides, Trypsin which is forms when an enzyme secreted by the pancreas is activated by an enzyme in the small intestine. Others are Chymotrypsin, Carboxypeptidase and Carboxypeptidase.
Sucrase is secreted by small intestine where it breaks down sucrose into fructose and glucose, simpler sugars which the body can absorb. It is discovered along the intestinal villi which are tiny hair-like projections that line the intestine and shuttle nutrients into bloodstream.
There are some health conditions which may disturb the secretion of digestive enzymes for full digestion of foods. Several are inherited genetic conditions while others develop over time.
- Lactose Intolerance
Need to know that Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest lactose due to insufficient production of lactase by small intestine. It is characterized by symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, and gas which result from consuming milk and other dairy products. For your information, there are some forms of lactose intolerance: Congenital lactase deficiency (also known as congenital alactasia, Lactase non-persistence, and Secondary lactose intolerance.
- Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
This pancreas produces the key digestive enzymes of protease, amylase, and lipase. People with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency have a deficiency of those enzymes, so they are unable to digest food properly, especially fats. The health conditions which affect the pancreas and are associated with EPI are Chronic pancreatitis, Cystic fibrosis and Pancreatic cancer.
Foods Contain Natural Digestive Enzymes
If the body is unable to create enough digestive enzymes, food molecules cannot be digested properly. This is able to lead to digestive disorders like lactose intolerance. So, eating foods which are high in natural digestive enzymes can help increase digestion. Fruits and fermented vegetables are high in digestive enzymes. It’s best to consume them raw as heat will be able to reduce or destroy those plant enzymes.
|Foods with Digestive Enzymes|
|Pineapple||Proteases||This fruit helps digest proteins. It has additional anti-inflammatory effects|
|Papaya||Proteases||Papaya helps digest proteins. Also, it is a popular meat tenderizer.|
|Kiwi||Proteases||In addition to its digestive enzymes, kiwi is high in fiber to support digestive processes.|
|Mango||Amylases||You have to know that Mango helps break down carbohydrates from starches into simple sugars and also improves as the fruit ripens.|
|Banana||Amylases, glucosidases||Like amylases, glucosidases enzymes also can break down complex carbohydrates.|
|Raw honey||Amylases, Diastases, invertases, proteases||The amylases help to break down starches, invertases break down sugars, and proteases break down protein.|
|Avocado||Lipases||Avocado helps digest and metabolize fat.|
|Kefir||Lipases, lactase, proteases||The lactase in kefir can helps to digest the fermented milk. May be tolerated by some people with lactose intolerance.|
|Saurkraut, kimchi||Lipases, proteases||As we know that fermented foods can develop enzymes during the fermentation process as well as probiotics to further support digestive health.|
|Miso||Lactases, lipases, proteases, amylases||This fermented soy paste has a potent combination of enzymes which help break down lactose in dairy, proteins, fats and carbohydrates|
|Ginger||Protease||Besides its enzymes which will help break down proteins, ginger also help ease nausea.|